Friday, July 15, 2016


The Cherokee language is similar in some ways to the Iroquois family of languages. 

Each word can convey the meaning of an entire sentence.


Cherokee is similar in some ways to the Iroquois family of languages, causing some to group it with them.  Others have demonstrated that Cherokee is distinctive enough to not fit in any other category and to stand alone among languages. 

Cherokee is a 'polysynthetic' language, which means that words are formed with a root, one or more affixes (always has a prefix) and a suffix.

A Cherokee word can thus be very long and can mean what actually corresponds to an entire sentence in other languages.

So get over thinking that you are learning words.  
You are actually learning sentences!

Each community will have its own unique way of saying a sentence and that sentence becomes the agreed upon meaning of a word.
Other communities may understand the "word-sentence" but they may not use the same "word-sentence" when speaking.


Historically, the Cherokee homeland covered the entire southeastern portion of the present day United States.  As the people were forced to live closer and closer to one another, and as entire populations of communities died from disease and refugee camp level living conditions, the dialects were forced to interact more closely with one another and some shifts occurred.  

Researchers such as the Kilpatrick's and many others were convinced that there were historically many more dialects than just the few that ethnologists like Mooney came up with, and today there are some communities that still have their own distinctive ways of speaking, but by and large, the different dialects you may hear today include these:

Oklahoma- often called the "western dialect" and it has the most speakers.
Robbinsville or "Snowbird"- sometimes called the "eastern dialect"  Western and Snowbird share more similarities with each other than all other eastern dialects do.  It has the 2nd most speakers of all the other dialects.
Yellowhill- which also claims the title of "eastern dialect".  Yellowhill and Snowbird have some similarities.
Big Cove- which is sometimes also referred to with the title of "eastern dialect" which actually has two variations of dialect, one which NEVER uses one entire line of syllabary, and another which uses the entire syllabary.


There are no cognates between English and Cherokee, however, there are some "borrowed" words that have come into use such as the word for watch "Wah chee" from the English and "Wa ga" from the Spanish for Cow (Vaca).When a word is "Borrowed" the last syllable of that word is always a rising tone.


Every word in Cherokee is a sentence.  Each "word-sentence" that is very descriptive.

The word for "Wa-Ya" which is universally recognized to also mean "wolf" is a sentence which states "He is carrying the long rigid item".

As is the case for all languages, Cherokee continues to evolve, and when loan words are not used, new, highly descriptive words are created.

Cherokee is a very literal language.
For example, past additions to the lexicon include “computer,” which translates literally in English to “the thing that makes you lazy.”

As another example, Cherokee word for “attorney,” which is “didiyohihi.” The literal translation of “didiyohihi” is “s/he/it argues repeatedly and on purpose with a purpose.” 

The polysynthetic nature of the Cherokee language enables the language to develop new descriptive words in Cherokee to reflect or express new concepts.

One final example here is ᏗᏓᏂᏱᏍᎩ (didaniyisgi) which means "the final catcher" or "s/he/it catches them finally and conclusively." This is the Cherokee word for "policeman."
The written language and pronunciation are something else again and can be read about in several of the books on the language that are available, however nothing is as helpful as actually HEARING it spoken.

That is true with other languages as well, however, in Cherokee, it is even more important because


In a tone language (tonal language), different tones (like in music, but not as many) will change the meaning of the words, even if the pronunciation of the word is the same otherwise. English and almost all other European languages are not tone languages at all.

This really complicates things for those who either learned English First or learned the languages together (bilingually) and some fluent speakers have commented that the bilingual folks never really seem to get the tone correct.

One of the best ways to indicate tone is to write out each word on a music staff in musical notation.  This helps more folks to start to get it right.

NOTE:  Cherokee Counts the Days of the Week from Monday through Sunday
(like most of the rest of the world, including Spain)


If you want to learn the language you need to commit yourself to spending TIME to learn it.

TIME studying it.

TIME listening to it.

TIME speaking it either into a recording of yourself (Audadicity is free for your pc) or speaking to others.

If you commit yourself to AT LEAST two (2) hours per day for 6 days per week and AT LEAST one day per week for at least EIGHT (8) Hours (taking regular breaks like you would do for work)
doing the 3 things listed above (Studying, listening, speaking) 


You will have used your time well to fulfill the necessary 5,000+ hours that it takes to learn this language.


What will you do?

Will you START NOW and look back 5 years from now and be GLAD you did?!

Will you put it off and look back 5 years from now and WISH you had started?


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